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昆山砍人反被砍后图片

2019-01-22 20:05 来源:宁夏今日头条

  昆山震川路砍人反被砍死

  【59彩票】    《全国旅游新闻速递》栏目于2011年7月正式上线,以当周热点新闻为重点,并搜集整理一周内与热点相关的旅游新闻进行集中发布,效果堪比新闻快餐。人民网旅游3·15投诉平台人民网旅游3·15投近年来,国内景区始终走在“涨价”路上。

忽然看见欧美人Casey,恰巧他也坐此车。However,,DeltaAirLines,AmericanAirlines,KoreanAirandAsianaAirlines,’retakingtheChinesepeople’smoneywithonehand,’stwobiggestairlines,JapanAirlinesandAllNipponAirways,recentlyannouncedthattheyhavealreadychanged“Taiwan”to“ChinaTaiwan”,areporterdiscoveredthatthese’sQantashasyettomakerelevantcorrections,QantasChiefExecutiveOfficerAlanJoycesaidinastatmentthatthecompanyintendstofullycomplywithBeijing’’,ChineseForeignMinistryspokespersonGengShuangsaidthereisonlyoneChinaintheworldandHongKong,Macau,andTaiwanhavealwaysbeenpartsofChina.“Thisisanobjectivefactandcommonsense,aswellasthegeneralconsensusoftheinternationalcommunity,”,companiesoperatinginChinamustrespectthesovereigntyandterritorialintegrityofChina,abidebyChineselaws,andrespectthenationalfeelingsoftheChinesepeople.“ThisisthebasicrequirementforanyforeigncompanydoingbusinessinChina,”snote:ThearticlewastranslatedandeditedfromaChinesenewsreportoriginallypublishedonXinhuasWeChataccount.

  InlateApril,China’sCivilAviationAdministrationsentaletterto44foreignaircarriers,pointingoutthattheirwebsites’ref,,DeltaAirLines,andAmericanAirlineshavere,itwasreportedbyforeignmediathatChina“shunned”U,Forei:theone-Chinaprincipleisnonnegotiable.“ThereisonlyoneChinaintheworld,,commonsense,hegovernment’sconsistentandfirmpositionontheone-Chinaprincipleandtherequestisbothreasonableandlegal,”paniesoperatinginChinamustrespectthecountry’ssovereigntyandterritorialintegrity,abidebyChineselaws,onofChina-USrelationsandisnonnegotiable.“TheUSgovernmentshouldurgetherelevantcompaniestoabidebytheone-Chinaprincipleandrectifytheirsitesassoonaspossible,”Lustressed.Afterthreehigh-profilevisitstoChinasinceMarch,NorthKorealeaderKimJong-unmadearareyetwell-publicizedvslatestmovetoshowitsexpectationsofBeijingandtoreassureinternationalinvestorsaboutNorthKoreaseconomicdeterminationafterthecountryshistoricandfruitfulmeetingswithleadersfromChina,svisittothefactorywasannouncedbythePyongyang-basedKoreanCentralNewsAgencyonSunday,adayafteritreportedthatKimgave"fieldguidance"toSindocounty,wherethefactory,co-developedwithChina,s,anddiversifyitsproductsbasedonuserspreference,ageandbodytype,sforeigntradecooperationasindustrialprojectsremainsubjecttoUNSecurityCouncilsanctions,LüChao,aresearchfellowonNorthKoreaattheLiaoningAcademyofSocialSciences,toldtheGlobalTimesonSunday,notitionofdailycommodities,whichisalsoinaccordancewithPyongyangsgoalofimprovingpeoplesdailylife,saidLü,Afterannouncingitsplanandpromisetodenuclearizeandvowtofocusoneconomicdevelopment,NorthKoreahashighexpectationsforpotentialpartnershipswithChina,withSindoandSinuijubecomingthefrontierregionsfortheNorthtoopentoforeigninvestors,,whichbordersDandonginNortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,"barometer"forChina-NorthKorearelations,andtheplacehasgoodwater,electricity,landandlaborresources,saidLü.Areliablepartner"Underthetrendofregionalization,NorthKoreahaspracticalneedstograduallydevelopanexport-orientedeconomy,"saidDaZhigang,directoroftheInstituteofNortheas,itsmorepracticaltostarteconomiccooperationprojectswithChinaandSouthKoreathanwithJapanortheUS,whileChinaismorepoliticallyanddiplomaticallyreliablethanSouthKorea,evelopment,andChinaisfarmorecompetitivethanSouthKoreaintermsofvolumeanddiversityininvestment,Daelaborated."ForChina,arichandpeacefulneighborisfarmoreappealingthanadangerousagitator,"saidLü.HeaddedthatChinas40yearsexperienceinreformandopening-upprovidesrichlessonsforNorthKoreatodevelopanexebrand"Pomhyanggi,"or"SpringScene."ThebrandisfrequentlymentionedonChinase-commerceplatformTaobaoatpricesrangingfrom100yuan($15),foundedin1949,isNorthKoreaswifeRiSol-ju,togetherwithhigh-rankingofficialsincludingKimSong-nam,thefirstvicedirectoroftherulingWorkersPartyofKoreasinternationaldepartment,svisitsnotonlysendasignaltoNorthKoreansthatthecountryismakingeffortsinimprovingpeoplesliving,butaredesignedtoboosttheconfidenceofforeigninvestors,saidDa.

  RadiologistZhangJunhaifromShanghaiHuashanHospitalreadsamedicalimagedisplayduringacompetitionwithBioMind,anartificialintelligencesystem,inBeijingonSaturday.[PhotobyChenZebing/ChinaDaily]ItwasnttheWorldCup,ysiciansonSaturdayintworoundsofacompetitioninBeijingtodiagnosebraintumorsandpredicttheexpansionofbrainhematomas,,developedbyresearchersfromtheAIResearchCentreforNeurologicalDisordersandCapitalMedicalUniversity,expansioncases,outperformingthephysicians,whohadonly63percentaccuracy."Imnotsurprisedatallbytheresults,"saidWangYongjun,executivevice-presidentofBeijingTiantanHospital,,developersfedittensofthousandsofimagesofnervoussystem-relateddiseasesthatTiantanHospitalhasarchivedoverthepast10years,makingitcapableofdiagnosingcommonneurologicaldiseaseswithanaccuracyrateofover90percent-comparabletothatofaseniordoctor-,aprofessorinradiologyatFirstAffiliatedHospitalofZhengzhouUniversityinZhengzhou,Henanprovince,saidAIhasalreadybeenusedtohelpdoctorsreadimages,suchaslungscans,,theuseofAIisstillatitsinfancyinthemedicalfield,andtheaccuracyofdiagnosesbyAIstilllagsbehindthatofseniorprofessionalsinmostcasesatthemoment,,chairoftheradiologydepartmentatAntwerpUniversityHospitalinBelgiumandamemberofthejuryforSaturdayscontest,saidhethinksintegrationofAIintomedicalservicesisapromisingtrend.","hesaid."Butitwillbethedoctorwhoultimatelydecides,asthereareanumberoffactorsthatamachinecannottakeintoconsideration,suchasapatientsstateofhealthandfamilysituation."Spurredbythegovernment,newtechnologiessu,theSwedishmedicalcompanyElektaannouncedtheintroductionofWatsonforOncology,amedicalAIsystemdevelopedbyIBMintheUnitedStates,rtreatment.2003年初春,香港暴发非典疫情。

2004年1月1日,《内地与香港关于建立更紧密经贸关系的安排》(CEPA)开始实施。

  TheChinesemilitarywillstopallofitscommercialactivitiesbeforetheendoftheyear,,releasedbythegeneralofficesoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,StateCouncilandCentralMilitaryCommission,saidthatstoppingallofthemilitaryscommercialactivitiesisastrategicallyimportantdecisionmadebytheParty,theCentralMilitaryCommissionandXiJinping,generalsecretaryoftheCPCCentralCommittee,andisas,planningandcooperationbetweenthemilitary,sLiberationArmyandtheArmedPoliceForcemustensurethattheircommercialactivitiesarehaltedbeforeyearsendandtheirassetsbemaintainedattheircurrentvalueduringtheprocess,debyyearsendshouldbeterminatedbythattimethroughnegotiationorlegalprocedures,itsaid,,commercialactivitieswith"sophisticatedsituations"shouldbedealtwi,landandreceptionfacilitiesownedbythemilitaryandusedforcommercialpurpo,theCentralMilitaryCommi,theCentralMilitaryCommissionorderedthePothemilitaryscommercialactivities,andthemilitarysinvolvementincommercialsectorsarousedpublicconcerns,saidSeniorColonelGongFangbin,apoliticaleducationresearcheratPLANationalDefenseUniversity.

  TsinghuaUniversityrecentlypostedtheirnew2018acceptancepackageonline,whichincludesa3Dpapersculptureofthecollege’s"OldGate".Thisartwork,madebyfacultyandstudentsatTsinghua,containsmorethan30componentsandovera,:TsinghuaYuan,writtenbyNatong,nofTsinghuaUniversity."Toincludea3DsculptureoftheOldGateintheacceptancepackage,"saidtheTsinghuaAdmissionOffice,"istoconveyitseleganceandsolemnitythroughouthistory,andalsotocarryothermeaningsinthenewera:inspirationandwisdom,youthandthefuture.”ThefirstShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)filmfestivalopensinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,Wednesday,June13,2018.[Photo:VCG]AsamajorculturalexchangeactivityfollowingthelatestSCOsummitinQingdao,thefive-dayeventhasattractedfilmsproducedinthepasttwoyearsby12countries,sinitiationoftheSCOfilmfestivalhaswonapositiveresponsefromSCOstates,whichshowedtheiraspirationstopromotefilmcooperationandculturalexchanges,saidWangXiaohui,dustriesofSCOstatesbylearningfromeachotherandenhancingcooperation,ongprovincialgovernment.

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/LiXueren)BEIJING,June10(Xinhua)--ScholarsandofficialsfromaroundtheworldhavebeenspeakinghighlyofChinesePresidentXiJinpingskeynotespeechdeliveredSundayattheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO),XicalledoncountriesinvolvedintheregionalbloctoworkcloselytobuildanSCOcommunitywithasharedfuture,movetowardanewtypeofinternationalrelations,andbuildanopen,inclusive,cleanandbeautifulworldthatenjoyslastingpeace,,directorgeneraloftheInstituteofNationalSecurityStudiesSriLanka,saidXiscallformovingtowardanewtypeofinternationalrelations"capturedthezeitgeistoftheunfoldingmodernworldorder.""Asiannations,includingSriLanka,shouldfullysupportthisefforttocreateamorestableandbetterworldorder,",aninternationalrelationsexpertbasedinBelgrade,Serbia,saidXipresented"positive,visionaryviewsonhowtoapproachglobaleconomic,socialandsecuritychallenges.""XishowedtheworldtheSCOsroleinglobalgovernanceandclearedthewayinordertoreinforcepeace,win-wincooperationinamultipolarworldwithoutgeopoliticalconstraintsandtherelicsofisolationism,"ilkRoadConnectivityResearchCenter,,anassociateprofessorinhistorywhochairsthestudyofsocialdevelopmenttheoriesofAsianandAfricannationsatRussia,saidChinaseekstoundertakeseriousinternationalobligationsthatconsolidateitsstatusofamajorcountryintheworld."ThisisevidentinanumberofXisstatements,whichincludetheneedtofillthegapofdevelopmentlevelsamongcountries,andtheannouncementbyXiof(Chinas)contributiontotheSCOInterbankConsortium,"(-dollar)equivalentspecsspeechwherehesaidtheSCOshould"championequality,mutuallearning,dialogueandinclusivenessbetweencivilizations"and"followtheprincipleofachievingsharedgrowththroughdiscussionandcollaborationinengaginginglobalgovernance,"TigranSargsyan,formerprimeministerofArmenia,saidthoseremarksshowedthatChin,nowchairmanoftheBoardoftheEurasianEconomicCommission,saidsuchanattitudeishelpfulinsolvingproblemseffectivelyandsearchingftionforestablishinglong-termcooperativerelationswithothercountriesandachievingcommonprosperity,,asinologistandprofessorofChinesestudiesattheNewDelhi-basedJawaharlalNehruUniversity,thinksthatXisemphasisonthe"ShanghaiSpirit"isverytimelysinceprotectionistandunilateralpoliticalapproachestendto"disrupttheexistingregionalandinternationalorder""ShanghaiSpirit,"asetoffundamentalprinciplesencompassingmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equalityandconsultation,"couldessentiallyberegardedasanantidote"totheseapproaches,,deputychairoftheBelarus-ChinaFriendshipSociety,highlightedXisremarksonbuildingunityandmutualrespect."Weshouldrespecteachotherschoiceofdevelopmentpathsandaccommodateeachotherpositionsandboostharmonyandunitybyseekingcommongroundandsettingasidedifferences,"nbetweenmemberstatesandobservers,,formersecretary-generaloftheNepalesegovernment,saidthathewasimpressedbythementionofculturalexchangesandthedevelopmentofhumanresourcesinXisproposalsinthesetwoareasareearnestlyimplemented,theregionwillrealizeasubstantialboosttoitsindustrialupgradeandpossiblybecomethecenteroftheglobaleconomy,,chiefeditoroftheGeorgianNewsdayNewsAgency,saidthatXisspeechwasimbuedwiththespiritofcooperation,consultationandinclusivenessand"chartsthecourse"sproposalstoimproveglobalgovernanceandhisvisionforacommunitywithasharedfutureformankindreflectthecommonaspirationofpeopleindifferentpartsoftheworld,andhasofferedabrand-newperspectiveastowhytheworldneedstoabandonaColdWarmentalityandseekglobalcooperation,hesaid.(XinhuareportersZhuRuiqingandTangLuinColombo,WangHuijuaninBelgrade,,LuanHaiinMoscow,ZhaoXuinNewDelhi,WeiZhongjieandLiJiainMinsk,LiMinginBaku,andZhouShengpinginKathmandualsocontributedtothereport.)

  Thebelowiskeypointsinhisremarksonissuesconcerningregionalcooperationandworldorder:WhenConfuciuslooksdownfromthepeakoftheDongshanMountain,thelocalKingdomofLucomesintoview;whenhelooksdownfromthepeakoftheMountTai,,transformation,andadjustment,,thegrrging,theforceforpeacewillprevail,,tradeprotectionismandbacklashagainstglobalizationaretakingnewforms,thepursuitofcooperationformutualbenefitrepresentsasurgingtrendinthisglobalvillagewherecountriesinterestsandfutureareinterconnectedDiversityofcivilizationssustainshumanprogress,andmutualndopposethepracticesofseekingabsolutesecurityofoneselfattheexpenseofthesecurityofothercountries,,,mutuallearning,dialogueandinclusivenessbetweenculturesshouldbechampioned,sothatweovercomeculturalmisunderstanding,clashandsupremacythroughexchanges,positionsandboostharmonyandunitybyseekingcommongroundandsettingasidedifferences.HONGKONG,July1(Xinhua)--ChiefExecutiveofChinasHongKongSpecialAdministrativeRegion(HKSAR)CarrieLamsaidSundaythatshehas"evengreaterconfidenceinHongKong"oneyearaftersheandthecurrent-termHKSARgovernmentwereswornin."InmyspeechattheinaugurationceremonyonJuly1lastyear,Isaidthatwehadnoreasontoloseconfidenceifwelookedcloselyandrationallyatwhatwehadachievedoverthepasttwodecadessinceourreturntothemotherland,"Lamsaid."Afterayearofleadingthegovernmenttodemonstrateanewstyleofgovernance,performnewrolesandimplementanewfiscalphilosophy,IhaveevengreaterconfidenceinHongKong,"gKongeof"onecountry"bymaintaininganabsolutelyclearstanceandshowingnotoleranceforanyactthatwouldhitthecountry,theHKSARgovernmentmadegooduseoftheadvantagesof"twosystems"andactivelyparticipatedintheBeltandRoadIitiativeandthedevelopmentoftheGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayArea,,HongKongenjoyedrobusteconomicgrowth,,searningsregisteredrealimprovementsingeneral,Lamsaid,addingthateconomicgrowthprovidestheHKSARgovernmentwithnecessaryresourcesforthecontinuousimprovementofpeople"agoodstart"whichwasstronglysupportedbythecentralgovernmentandunderpinnedbymutualrespectandunderstanding,aswellasjointeffortsofdifferentsectors,ementing"onecountry,twosystems,"andmaintainingconfidenceinHongKongsruleoflawanduniqueadvantages,aswellaspatientlynurturingHongKongsyoungpeopleinto"anewgenerationwithasenseofnationalidentity,anaffectionforHongKongandaninternationalperspective."About2,000guests,includingrepresentativesofthecentralgovernmentandHKSARgovernment,foreigndiplomaticmissionsandcelebritiesinHongKong,attendedaflagraisingceremonyearlierinthemorningandthereceptionattheHongKongConventionandExhibitionCenter.

  Domesticthird-partypaymentfirmsfacestricterrulesAllChineseonlinepaymenttransactionshandledbynon-bankpaymentinstitutionshadtogothroughtheOnlineSettlementPlatformforNon-BankPaymentInstitutions,asofSaturday,amoveintendedtobetterregulatethedomesticonlinepaymentmarket,sAlipayandTencentsTenPay,whichoperatesthepaymentserviceforWeChat,areallinvolved."Asthefirstofitskindintheworld,theplatformisapioneeringstepbyChineseregulatorstosupervisethecountrysfast-growingonlinepaymentmarket,thelargestintheworld,"LiChao,ananalystatBeijingconsultancyiResearch,,thePeoplesBankofChina(PBC),thecentralbank,isnowabletotrackandmonitorallcapitalflowsofthesethird-partypaymentproviders,thuspreventingmoney-laundering,bribery,directpaymentconnectionswithbanks,sgoalofstrengtheningregulationsandsupervisionofthird-partypaymentcompanies,,thePBChasfinedmorethan25paymentagenciesasofJune5thisyearduetoirregularities,andthebankisalsoacceleratingthepace,thePBCannouncedtograduallyincreasetheproportionofcustomerdepositssubmittedbythird-partypaymentfirmsatamonthlybasis,andwouldreachatotalhandoverbyJanuary14in2019fromthecurrentaverage50percentage,"whichwillfurtherpreventsomeplatformsfromusingthedepositsonspeculationactivities,"fromtheunifiedplatform,whichwouldmakeiteasiertogetaccesstobanksthattheycouldnotreachbefore."Itseemsthatallthird-partypaymentfirms,nomattersmallorbig,areonalevelplayingfieldnow,"Lisaid,addingthatregulationswillcontinuetogetstricter.

  【久赢彩票】Afterthreehigh-profilevisitstoChinasinceMarch,NorthKorealeaderKimJong-unmadearareyetwell-publicizedvslatestmovetoshowitsexpectationsofBeijingandtoreassureinternationalinvestorsaboutNorthKoreaseconomicdeterminationafterthecountryshistoricandfruitfulmeetingswithleadersfromChina,svisittothefactorywasannouncedbythePyongyang-basedKoreanCentralNewsAgencyonSunday,adayafteritreportedthatKimgave"fieldguidance"toSindocounty,wherethefactory,co-developedwithChina,s,anddiversifyitsproductsbasedonuserspreference,ageandbodytype,sforeigntradecooperationasindustrialprojectsremainsubjecttoUNSecurityCouncilsanctions,LüChao,aresearchfellowonNorthKoreaattheLiaoningAcademyofSocialSciences,toldtheGlobalTimesonSunday,notitionofdailycommodities,whichisalsoinaccordancewithPyongyangsgoalofimprovingpeoplesdailylife,saidLü,Afterannouncingitsplanandpromisetodenuclearizeandvowtofocusoneconomicdevelopment,NorthKoreahashighexpectationsforpotentialpartnershipswithChina,withSindoandSinuijubecomingthefrontierregionsfortheNorthtoopentoforeigninvestors,,whichbordersDandonginNortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,"barometer"forChina-NorthKorearelations,andtheplacehasgoodwater,electricity,landandlaborresources,saidLü.Areliablepartner"Underthetrendofregionalization,NorthKoreahaspracticalneedstograduallydevelopanexport-orientedeconomy,"saidDaZhigang,directoroftheInstituteofNortheas,itsmorepracticaltostarteconomiccooperationprojectswithChinaandSouthKoreathanwithJapanortheUS,whileChinaismorepoliticallyanddiplomaticallyreliablethanSouthKorea,evelopment,andChinaisfarmorecompetitivethanSouthKoreaintermsofvolumeanddiversityininvestment,Daelaborated."ForChina,arichandpeacefulneighborisfarmoreappealingthanadangerousagitator,"saidLü.HeaddedthatChinas40yearsexperienceinreformandopening-upprovidesrichlessonsforNorthKoreatodevelopanexebrand"Pomhyanggi,"or"SpringScene."ThebrandisfrequentlymentionedonChinase-commerceplatformTaobaoatpricesrangingfrom100yuan($15),foundedin1949,isNorthKoreaswifeRiSol-ju,togetherwithhigh-rankingofficialsincludingKimSong-nam,thefirstvicedirectoroftherulingWorkersPartyofKoreasinternationaldepartment,svisitsnotonlysendasignaltoNorthKoreansthatthecountryismakingeffortsinimprovingpeoplesliving,butaredesignedtoboosttheconfidenceofforeigninvestors,saidDa.

  ThefirstShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)filmfestivalopensinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,Wednesday,June13,2018.[Photo:VCG]AsamajorculturalexchangeactivityfollowingthelatestSCOsummitinQingdao,thefive-dayeventhasattractedfilmsproducedinthepasttwoyearsby12countries,sinitiationoftheSCOfilmfestivalhaswonapositiveresponsefromSCOstates,whichshowedtheiraspirationstopromotefilmcooperationandculturalexchanges,saidWangXiaohui,dustriesofSCOstatesbylearningfromeachotherandenhancingcooperation,ongprovincialgovernment.它们洁白而可爱,成群结队地登上险峻的山腰,在那儿一边观赏这难得的人间美景,一边悠闲地吃草。

车祸砍人反被杀

【实亿彩票】 XueYaping(R,rear),directorofthemarketingandinternationalcooperationdepartmentundertheMinistryofCultureandTourism,speaksatapressconferenceontourismcooperationamongmemberstatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)aheadofthe18thSCOsummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June8,2018.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)HugepotentialexistsforthetourismcooperationamongmemberstatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO),smresources,XueYaping,directorofthemarketingandinternationalcooperationdepartmentundertheMinistryofCultureandTourism,toldapressconferenceaheadofthe18thSCOsummitscheduledforSaturdayandSundayinQingdao."Atpresent,tourismcooperationhasbecomeanimportantpartofeconomiccooperationamongSCOmemberstates,andwillbeconducivetoconsolidatinganddevelopinggoodneighborlinessamongthem,",,,anactionplanforimplementingtheSCOtourismcooperationguidelinein2019-2020isexpectedtobesignedasguidancefordeepeningpragmatictourismcooperationinthecomingyears,Xuesaid.

本报记者 张庆波

2019-01-2208:39  来源:人民网-人民日报海外版
 

  图为香港三大工业邨之一的将军澳工业邨,在此兴建的“数据技术中心”和“先进制造业中心”预计将分别于2020年及2022年完工。
  (资料图片)

  2015年11月,香港特区政府组建成立了一个叫做“创新及科技局”的部门,喊出了“香港‘再工业化’”的目标。一个全球闻名的国际金融、航运、贸易中心,一个服务业占本地GDP90%以上、居绝对主导地位的自由经济体,一个经济增长率在过去十年比其他先进经济体高出一倍、发展势头正持续向好的地方,为何在早已“去工业化”后又打出了“再工业化”的旗号?沉寂多年的香港制造业真的还有未来吗?

      

  重塑光辉岁月再造发展引擎

  “工业是实体经济的重要组成部分。香港也经历过轻工业蓬勃的年代,养活了数以百万计的香港人。”今年3月,香港特区立法会就一项名为“构建全方位‘再工业化’政策体系”的议案进行辩论,参加答辩的创新及科技局局长杨伟雄如是说。

  历史上饮过工业发展“头啖汤”的香港,工业根基深厚。上世纪七八十年代作为轻工业中心,其钟表、玩具、电子等“香港制造”的产品风靡世界,工业产值最高峰时超过本地生产总值的30%,近一半就业人口从事制造业;即便到了2008年,香港工业企业在珠三角地区的雇工人数也曾达1000万人。

  现实情况却显得十分“萧瑟”,经历近30年生产线持续迁离后的香港制造业,就业人数到2017年只剩95500人,仅占香港就业总人数的2.5%,而占本地GDP的比重则大幅下滑至1.1%。

  传统制造业产业优势早已不再,既有的制造业发展困难重重;旧的发展模式瓶颈显现,新的经济增长点还未培育形成;国际金融、航运、贸易中心的地位也在各方挑战下压力倍增。这些都让特区政府陷于“焦虑”之中,开始探寻转型发展、“再工业化”之路。

  “特区政府提倡‘再工业化’,是期望通过引进和发展适合香港的高端制造业,巩固香港经济根基,推动产业多元化,并创造更多优质的就业机会。”香港生产力促进局工业智能制造首席顾问单铭贤说。

  不走过去老路专注高端制造

  20世纪60年代,“再工业化”的概念已被西方国家提出。作为一种刺激经济增长的政策,它旨在实现旧工业部门的复兴和迭代,促进新兴工业的增长。对于香港来说,从“去工业化”到“再工业化”,既是让香港制造业“涅槃重生”,更意在解决经济增长的可持续性问题。

  “‘再工业化’并非走回头路,重现香港昔日的工厂年代,更不是要劳工密集型的传统制造业回流香港,‘再工业化’是建立高增值的制造产业。”杨伟雄多次强调的一句话,清楚标注了香港“再工业化”的内涵。

  决心不走回头路,因为根本走不通。

  早在2014年,香港工业总会已就是否愿意“回流香港”问题访问过珠三角的641家香港厂商。调查表明,只有2%的厂商愿意将公司部分或全部活动搬回香港,而不愿意回来的原因主要是土地和劳动力昂贵且不足。

  杨伟雄曾解释说,香港“再工业化”进程有四大方向。一是扭转“去工业化”的趋势,推动工业研发、工程设计及高增值产业;二是释放人力资源或劳动力,从事高增值工作或工序;三是协助现有行业利用创新及科技升级转型;四是创造新的先进制造业及完整的产业链,如生物医药、机器人技术、智慧城市、金融科技等,并制定相关的发展标准和平台。“我们现在的目标是在未来两三年内,扭转制造业占本地生产总值比率的下降趋势。”

  全方位政策多方面服务支援

  香港生产力促进局里,有个“智能产业廊”颇引人瞩目。“客户、厂商、消费者”产业周期、数码化运作方案、智能生产单元、智能连接器、网络安全系统,一个“工业4.0”生产企业“样板间”直观呈现于观众眼前。

  为推动香港“再工业化”,近年来该局动作频频。从成立“智能制造技术展示中心”到“智能产业联盟”,从创建“知创空间”,到推出“工业4.0先导项目”,为协助制造企业转型升级,他们努力提供着各种支持方案。

  特区政府“构建全方位‘再工业化’政策体系”还在研究,但也在基础设施、技术研发应用环境、税务和财政支持及人才培训等方面出台了一系列举措:高增值产业缺地,就优化工业邨政策;智力技术支持不够,就兴建数据技术中心及先进制造业中心;工业研发设计投入负担重,就出台特别税务减免政策;人力资源储备不足,就提供再工业化及科技培训计划,等等。

  政府工作紧锣密鼓,各方努力有模有样,香港已出现成功案例。5月31日,香港商汤科技完成了C+轮6.2亿美元融资,再创全球人工智能融资纪录,并以估值超过45亿美元成为全球最大人工智能企业。行政长官林郑月娥在一次活动上兴奋地表示,商汤科技在短短4年内迅速发展成为“独角兽”,证明香港有优势和潜力发展创新科技,并推动与实体经济的深度融合。

(责编:初梓瑞、李昉)